Advances in Plasma Arc Welding: A Review
The nature of welding in the aeronautical industry is characterized by low unit production, high unit cost, extreme reliability and severe service conditions. These characteristics point towards more expensive and more concentrated heat sources such as plasma arc, laser beam and electron beam welding as the processes of choice for welding of critical components. Among various precision welding processes, Plasma Arc welding has gained importance in small and medium scale industries manufacturing bellows , diaphragms etc because of less expensive and easy to operate. This paper reviews the works on Plasma Arc welding and associated phenomena such as Micro Plasma Arc Welding, Variable Polarity Plasma Arc welding and Keyhole Plasma Arc Welding. The review covers works carried out by various researchers on various metals using different modes of plasma arc.