Rectangular Microstrip Patch Antenna with Different Location of Minkowski Island Split Ring Resonator (MI-SRR) Structure

Nornikman Hassan, Muhammad Syafiq Noor Azizi, Badrul Hisham Ahmad, Mohamad Zoinol Abidin Abd. Aziz, Hamizan Abu Bakar, Mohamad Hafize Ramli, Mohd Azlishah Othman, Hamzah Asyrani Sulaiman


In this project, different locations of the Minkowski Island split ring resonator (MI-SRR) structure are embedded in the basic rectangular patch antenna. It started with a basic rectangular microstrip patch antenna that were simulated in CST Microwave Studio software. After that, four different locations (Location A, Location B, Location C and Location D) of MI-SRR were chosen to compare the performance of return loss, resonant frequency, surface current radiation pattern, and gain. Location A represented the antenna with the MI-SRR at the center part of the patch, while Location B had the MI-SRR at the upper part of the FR-4 substrate. Location C and Location D represented the antenna with MI-SRR at the ground at antenna with MI-SRR at the other layer, respectively. The return loss performances of Design of Location A, Location B, Location C, and Location D were - 26.546 dB, - 23.892 dB, -43.842 dB, - 51.506 dB at resonant frequency of 2.432 GHz, 2.510 GHz, 2.438 GHz and 2.542 GHz, respectively.


Split Ring Resonator; Patch Antenna; Minkowski Island; Fractal Antenna; Return Loss;

Full Text:



Smith, D. R., Padilla, W. J., Vier, D. C., 2000. Nemat-Nasser, S. C., and Schultz, S., Composite Medium with Simultaneously Negative Permeability and Permittivity, Physics Review Letter, 84: 4184 – 4187.

Pendry, J. B., Holden, A. J., Robins, D. J., and W. J. Stewart, 1999. Magnetism from Conductors and Enhanced Nonlinear Phenomena, IEEE Transactions on Microwave Theory and Techniques, 47(11):2075 – 2084

Lee, Y. S., Malek, M. F. B. A., Cheng, E. M., Liu, W. W., You, K. Y., Iqbal, M. N., Wee, F. H., Khor, S. F., Zahid, L., and Haji Abd Malek, M. F. b., 2013. Experimental Determination of the Performance of Rice Husk-Carbon Nanotube Composites for Absorbing Microwave Signals in the Frequency Range of 12.4-18 GHz, Progress In Electromagnetics Research, 140:795-812

Mazlan, M. H., Ahmad, B. H., Husain, M. N., Zakaria, Z., Shairi, N. A., 2015. Single and Cascaded Substrate Integrated Waveguide Bandstop Filter for Interference Suppression in X-Band Region, 1st ICRIL-International Conference on Innovation in Science and Technology (lICIST 2015), 592 – 595

Mahyuddin, N. M., Ab. Kadir, N. F. S., 2014. Design of a 5.8 GHz Bandstop Filter Using Split Ring Resonator Array, The 8th International Conference on Robotic, Vision, Signal Processing & Power Applications. Lecture Notes in Electrical Engineering, 291:473 – 482,.

Abdalla, M. A., and Zihrun, H., 2012. On The Study of Development of X Band Metamaterial Radar Absorber, Advanced Electromagnetics, 1(3): 94 – 98,

Bruster A., Zakaria Z., Ruslan E., Mutalib M. A., 2015. A Review of Bandpass with Tunable Notch Microwave Filter in Wideband Application, International Journal of Engineering and Technology (IJET), 7(3): 825-832.

Zakaria Z., Mutalib M. A., Sam W. Y., Fadzil M. F. M., 2015. Integrated suspended stripline structure (SSS) with J-shape defected stripline structure (DSS) To Remove Undesired Signals In Wideband Applications, 2015 9th European Conference on Antennas and Propagation (EuCAP), 1-5.

Lata, S., Kumar, V., 2013. Design and Simulation of Minkowski Fractal Patch Antenna on SOI Substrate for Next Generation Wireless Networks, International Journal of Emerging Technology and Advanced Engineering, 8(3): 92 – 95

Moraes, L. B. and Barbin, S. E., 2011. A comparison Between Minkowski and Koch Fractal Patch Antennas, 2011 SBMO/IEEE MTTS International Microwave & Optoelectronics Conference (IMOC), 17 – 21

Rusu, M., Hirvonen, M., Rahimi, H., Enoksson, P., Rusu, C., Pesonen, N., Vermesan, O., Rustad, H., 2008. Minkowski Fractal Microstrip Antenna for RFID Tags, 38th European 2008 Microwave Conference (EuMC 2008), 666 – 669,

Shafie, S. N., Adam, I. and Soh, P. J, 2010. Design and Simulation of a Modified Minkowski Fractal Antenna for Tri-Band Application, 2010 Fourth Asia International Conference on Mathematical/Analytical Modelling and Computer Simulation (AMS), 567 – 570.

Luo Q., Salgado H. M., and Pereira J. R., 2009. Fractal Monopole Antenna Design Using Minkowski Island Geometry, IEEE Antennas and Propagation Society International Symposium (APSURSI '09), 1-4.

Liu J. C., Liu H.H., Yeh K. D, Liu C. Y., Zeng B.H., and Chen C.C., 2012. Miniturized Dual-Mode Resonators with Minkowski-IslandBased Fractal Patch for WLAN Dual-Band Systems, Progress In Electromagnetics Research C (PIER C), 26: 229-243,

Wahid A., Rahim M. K. A., Zubir F., 2010. Analysis of Dual Layer Unit Cell with Minkowski Radiating Shape for Reflectarray Antenna on Different Substrate Properties. 2010 IEEE Asia-Pacific Conference on Applied Electromagnetics (APACE 2010), 1-5.

Liu J.-C., Chiu S.-H., Kuei C.-P., and Zeng B.-H., 2011. A Novel Minkowski-Island-Based Fractal Patch for Dual-Mode and Miniaturization Band-Pass Filters, Microwave and Optical Technology Letters (MOTL), 53(3):594-597.

Campos A. L. P. S. Olivera E. E. C. d, 2010. Design of Miniaturized Frequency Selective Surfaces Using Minkowski Island Fractal, Journal of Microwaves, Optoelectronics and Electromagnetic Applications (JMOE), 9(1):43-49

Lee E. C., Soh P. J., Hashim N. B. M., Vandenbosch G. A. E., Volski V., Adam I., Mirza H., and Aziz M. Z. A. A., 2011. Design and Fabrication of a Flexible Minkowski Fractal Antenna for VHF Application, 5th European Conference on Antennas and Propagation (EuCAP 2011), 521-524.


  • There are currently no refbacks.

Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 3.0 License.

ISSN: 2180-1843

eISSN: 2289-8131