Key Successful Factors for Virtual University Implementation: A Literature Study

Yanti Tjong, Harjanto Prabowo, . Meyliana


In enhancing the quality of teaching and learning process, university is using internet as media to leverage education system. The technology has shifted the learning paradigm from traditional to online learning. The technology used as tools to support learning activity are curriculum development, content creation, interaction between lecturer and student, and assessment. It is not easy to successfully implement the virtual university because it will spend huge investment for infrastructure. The purpose of this article was to find out key successful factors for virtual university implementation. It was a literature study by reviewing various journal related on virtual university topic. There were 133 papers retrieved by using keyword “virtual university” and/ or “virtual campus” and those papers were published after the year 2000. Retrieved papers were synthesized into 100 relevant titles, then selected into 32 papers to review. These selected papers were then reviewed to answer the research questions in virtual university area. The research’s result finds 12 key successful factors for virtual university implementation

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