THE EFFECT OF MOTHER AND ENVIRONMENTAL BEHAVIOUR FACTORS ON THE MALARIA CASE IN CITY OF SABANG, ACEH, INDONESIA

Maulana Teuku

Abstract


The city of Sabang is an endemic area of malaria with the dominant Plasmodium falciparum. This study aims to determine the effect of maternal and environmental behavioural factors on malaria cases in Sabang. The research design used was an analytic survey with cross-sectional study design. The sampling technique in this study employs cluster random sampling technique, hence the number of samples of 100 mothers from 4 villages in the Sabang area was obtained, namely Beurawang Village, Keuneukai Village, Batee Shok Village, and Iboih Village. Data collection was done by interviewing and examining the environment around the mother's residence. This study provides results, namely the physical, biological and chemical environments significantly influence the incidence of malaria. Furthermore, knowledge, attitudes, and skills of mothers also significantly influence the incidence of malaria. The dominant factor that most influences malaria cases in Sabang are the physical environment, namely mosquito breeding sites (water depth, water temperature, area, clarity, lighting, and water flow).


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