Development of a Fall Detection System Based on Neural Network Featuring IoT-Technology

Y.J. Ng, N.S.N. Anwar, W.Y. Ng, C.Q. Law


Accidental falls are considered a major cause of accidents that could lead to serious injuries, paralysis, psychological damage, and even deaths, especially for the elderly. Therefore in this project, a neural network-based fall detection system that could automatically detect a fall event is proposed. The system is enhanced with Internet-of-Things (IoT) features that could reduce the response time and efficiently improve the prognosis of fall victims. A 10 Degree of Freedom (DOF) Inertial Measurement Unit (IMU) module is connected to an Intel Edison with Mini Breakout board and mounted on a wearable waist-worn device to continuously record body movements. A backpropagation neural network algorithm has been developed to accurately distinguish falls from different postural transitions during activities of daily living (ADL). A body temperature and heart-pulse monitoring device were developed for this system to provide the medical personnel additional information on the body condition of the fall victim. Using the latest IoT-technology, the system can be connected to the internet and provides a continuous and real-time monitoring capability. Once a fall accident happens, the system will be automatically triggered. This will activate an Android App through the Wi-Fi network that will then send an emergency SMS with the actual location and body conditions of the victim to a recipient. A series of falls and ADL simulations were performed by a group of subjects to test and validate the performance of the system. The experiment results showed that the proposed system could obtain a sensitivity of 95.5%, specificity of 96.4%, and accuracy of 96.3%.

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