Flood Prediction Using Geographical Information System (GIS) Application at Sungai Sembrong

Masiri Kamin, Nor Farah Atiqah Ahmad, Siti Nooraiin Mohd Razali, Mashuda Mohamad Hilaham, Mohamad Abdul Rahman, Norhayati Ngadiman, Suhaila Sahat

Abstract


The occurrence of flood disaster in Malaysia has received much attention due to its negative impact towards society, environment and economy. In hydrological field, researchers are interested in flood prediction analysis and it is no longer a stranger in this area. The latest flood incident that hit Sg. Sembrong, Batu Pahat, Johor, Malaysia in 2007 is considered as the worst flood occurrence in Johor. This study focused on the effectiveness of using Geographical Information System (GIS) to predict flood at Sg. Sembrong. The combination of hydrological model and water balance model that takes into consideration the minimum, maximum and average temperature data for January 2007 is used to illustrate the predicted flood area for future reference. The results from the analysis showed that flood does not occur at the minimum and average rainfall, 17.2mm and 2mm respectively. However, with the maximum rainfall of 203mm, it is expected that 9983ha of land will be affected with 2m water level rise. In can be concluded that GIS is a suitable tool for the provision of preliminary information of flood, and it can be a powerful tool in aiding flood analysis, problem solving and provides rational, accurate and efficient decision making.

Keywords


Flood Prediction; GIS; Hydrological Model; Water Balance Model;

Full Text:

PDF

References


Noorazuan Mad Hashim, “Ancaman Kesihatan Terhadap Manusia Akibat Bencana Banjir,” (2002)

Anon, “Flood Management for French Authority,” in Water 21, (August 2005), IWA Publishing. p 33.

Chang Tun Hua, “Analisis Banjir Menggunakan Sistem Maklumat Geografi (GIS) Di kawasan Batu Pahat, Johor,” Bachelor Degree Geografi (GIS) Di kawasan Batu Pahat, Johor,” thesis,2008.

Roszaidi Roslan, “Kajian Banjir Di Kawasan Tadahan Sungai Melaka,” Bachelor Degree thesis, 2004.

T.P. Rokiah, S. H., Jamaluddin, M.J., Abd Rahim, M. N. & Noorazuan, M. H, “Ancaman Kesihatan Terhadap Manusia Akibat Bencana Banjir,” in National Conference On Environment and Health 2008, (2008)

Berita Harian. (2007). Minda Lestari. 10 Januari. Kuala Lumpur. Berita Harian Sdn.Bhd.

Haryati Shafii and Sharifah Meryam, “Kajian Pengurusan Banjir di Lembangan Sungai Batu Pahat, Johor dan cabaran-cabaran yang dihadapi oleh PBT,” in Seminar Pusat Pembangunan dan Persekitaran. Fakulti Sains Sosial dan Kemasyarakatan. Universiti Kebangsaan Malaysia, (2010).

Norhafizah Mat Nor, “Pembangunan Iventori Jalan Kawasan Kampus UTM Menggunakan Fotogrametri Udara,” Bachelor Degree thesis, Universiti Teknologi Malaysia; 2004

George B. Karte, P.E, “The GIS Book.”6th. Ed. New York: McGraw Hill, (1997)

Mohamad Abdul Rahman, “Pengujian Pengaplikasian Sistem Mohamad Pengurusan Sistem Pengurusan Banjir Bersepadu Dalam Analisis am Analisis Limpahan Banjir,” in Limpahan Banjir,” in Malaysia Geospatial ForumMalaysia Geospatial Forum, (2012),pp.1-15.

A. Fogg, “Horizontal and Vertical Water Balancing using Arc Hydro Time Series Data,” in Center for Research in Water Resources, The University of Texas at Austin, (2004), pp 5, 7, 8, 9, 23, 31 and 115


Refbacks

  • There are currently no refbacks.


Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 3.0 License.

ISSN: 2180-1843

eISSN: 2289-8131