Low Power Design of MPPT Circuit Using Power Down System in 65nm CMOS Process

Gesille S. Rible, Ma. Concepcion I. Sabate, Jefferson A. Hora

Abstract


In the field of light energy harvesting, a great amount of power is wasted when the voltage of the photovoltaic cells does not reach the maximum power point at which the storage will charge at its most efficient manner. The most common solution is to build a maximum power point tracking (MPPT) circuit. However, this still needs improvement with very low energy produced indoor. Thus, aiming to reduce the power consumption of the conventional MPPT system, this study implemented a power down system that turns off idle blocks; hence, improving the performance of the conventional MPPT circuit. From several MPPT techniques, this study implemented the Fractional Open Circuit Voltage Method (FOCV), which has a lower cost and simple circuitry, neglecting the use of a microcontroller. Conventional FOCV-based MPPT systems are composed of a sampling circuit that sets the maximum power point voltage (VMPP) from the sampled open circuit voltage (VOC); and a comparator which assures that the accurate VMPP is stored at the output. From the simulation results, the conventional MPPT consumed a power of 324µW from the PV cell, which is higher than the 255µW consumed by this system. Therefore, the implementation of a power down system saved 21.2% more power than that of the conventional FOCV-based MPPT system. The size of the overall layout implemented in 65nm CMOS technology is 70.955 µm x 34.09 µm.

Keywords


Fractional Open Circuit Voltage; Indoor Light Energy Harvesting; Maximum Power Point Tracking; Photovoltaic Cell;

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References


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