Multiple Symbol Double Differential Transmission for Amplify-and-Forward Cooperative Diversity Networks in Time-Varying Channel

Sylvia Ong Ai Ling, Hushairi Zen, Al-Khalid Othman, Khairuddin Ab Hamid


In the cooperative diversity wireless networks, the task to perform cooperation communication amongst neighbouring nodes is very challenging. Subjected to rapidly increasing mobility of the nodes i.e. wireless devices in fast moving vehicles and trains, at the destination end the receiver may not ideally estimate the channel characteristics and frequency offsets. Due to these circumstances which results in time-varying channels, the performance network degrades drastically. In order to enhance the performance in such environment, Double Differential (DD) modulation employing multiple symbol based detection is proposed which takes mobility environment of different nodes into consideration. By utilizing the DD transmission approach, the channel properties and frequency offset estimation is omitted in the amplify-andforward cooperative networks. The MATLAB simulation and numerical analysis on Bit Error Rate (BER) are carried out with consideration on considering flat-fading (i.e. the frequency non-selective) Rayleigh channels and when frequency offsets. The results depict that the proposed method over fading channels without channel estimation requirements and in the presence of frequency offsets performs better as compared to the conventional DD transmission. Optimized power allocation is also carried out to enhance the network performance by minimizing the BER analytical expression. It is demonstrated that the proposed power allocation scheme offers enhancement over the equally distributed power allocation approach.


Double Differential Transmission; Frequency Offsets; Multiple-Symbol Differential Detection; Sphere Decoding;

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