Investigating Nutrient Requirements of Grouper Fish for Feed Formulation

Soong Cai Juan, Razamin Ramli, Rosshairy Abd Rahman

Abstract


High nutrients and desirable taste of grouper fish affect the high demand in grouper fish in the current prevailing market. Nevertheless, wild catch grouper fish in current prevailing market supply is limited and insufficient to meet the cyclical nature of high demand in grouper fish consumption leading to the high price. For that reason, grouper fish is worth farming. Hence, there is a need to formulate the fish feed since it is important to have correct nutrients requirement for feed formulation to ensure the adequacy of the diet for the grouper fish. Therefore, the aim of this study is to investigate the proper range of nutrients need in the fish feed. Data was collected from 30 manufacturers of grouper fish feed meal and analysis were done by SPSS. Quantitative analysis includes descriptive statistics, coefficient of variance, one sample test, pearson analysis and correlation were used for analysing nutrients data. Results show that grouper fish require seven approximate nutrients that are crude protein 40-45%, crude fat 1-10%, crude fibre 0.5-8%, moisture 0.8-95.5%, ash 0.4-18%, phosphorus 0.1-1.8%, calcium 2-4%, and nine essential amino acids (EAA) which are Arginine 2.06-4.21%, Histidine 0.66-1.26%, Isoleucine 1.2-2.57%, leucine 2.23-4.23%, lysine 1.96-4.04%, methionine 0.89-1.81%, Phenylalanine 0.89-2.46%, Threonine 1.29-2.59% and Valine1.46-2.86%. This vital information can be counted in such a further study in fish feed formulation to reduce cost and maximize profitability in grouper fish farming

Keywords


Grouper Fish; Fish Feed Formulation; Nutrients Requirements; Essential Amino Acid; Fish Feed Meal

Full Text:

PDF

References


Gumustekin, S., Senel, T. and Cengiz, M. A. “A Comparative Study on Bayesian Optimization Algorithm for Nutrition Problem”. Journal of Food and Nutrition Research. 2(12). 2014.

Campbell, N. A., Reece, J. B., Taylor, M. R., Simon, E. J. and Dickey, J. L. 2011. Biology: Concepts and Connections (7

thed.). San Francisco: Pearson Benjamin Cummings.

Soong, C.-J., Razamin, R. and Rosshairy, A. R. “Fish Consumption and Track to A Fish Feed Formulation”. 2nd Innovation and Analytics Conference & Exhibition 2015 (IACE2015), Kedah.

NRC (2011). Nutrient Requirements of Fish and Shrimp. Board on Agriculture and Natural Resources, National Research Council.

Rahman, A. R., Chooi-Leng, A. and Razamin, R. “Investigating Feed Mix Problem Approaches: An Overview and Potential Solution”. Proceedings of the World Academy of Science, Engineering and Technology Conference. Vol. 4(10), pp. 399-407.2010.

Muhammadar, A. A., Mazlan, A. G., Samat, A., Muchlin, Z. A. and Simon, K. D. “Crude Protein and Amino Acids Content in Some Common Feeds of Tiger Grouper (Epinephelus fuscoguttatus) Juvenile”. Aquarium, Conservation & legislation Int. J. Bioflux Society. 4(4), 2011.


Refbacks

  • There are currently no refbacks.


Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 3.0 License.

ISSN: 2180-1843

eISSN: 2289-8131