DEVELOPMENT OF INNOVATIVE INSTRUCTIONAL LEADERSHIP MEASUREMENT MODEL IN TECHNICAL AND VOCATIONAL SYSTEM
This study aimed to determine the constructs and to develop measurement model of innovative instructional leadership for polytechnics system in Malaysia. This study has utilized a model development approach as its research design. In the earlier stage, a Modified Delphi technique was used to gather initial data regarding innovative instructional leadership. Eleven experts were selected based on their expertise and experience. They confirmed 3 constructs of innovative instructional leadership for the polytechnics system. Stratified random sampling was used in this study to select the respondents. A new instrument was developed which consisted of 3 constructs and 12 items and distributed to the respondents in the selected polytechnics to determine the innovative instructional leadership of the polytechnic administrators. Empirical data collected were analyses using descriptive and inferential statistics that included confirmatory factor analysis. The results showed that lecturers at the polytechnics did not agree that their administrators possess the innovative instructional leadership and also found that the administrators of the polytechnics have moderate level of innovative instructional leadership for most of the constructs. Based on confirmatory factor analysis, it was found that only 12 items out of 20 items that are important to the innovative instructional leadership in the polytechnics system in Malaysia. It is hoped that the results of this study could assist the top management in polytechnics to spearhead the direction and leadership of the polytechnics towards a more creative and innovative system in line with the government's desire to transform the polytechnic system to becoming a preferred choice of higher education institution.
Keywords: Technical and Vocational Educational Training (TVET), innovative instructional leadership, measurement model, Modified Delphi Technique, Malaysia.
Andrew Yang. (2014). Smart People Should Build Things. (J. A. Metsch, Ed.) (1st ed.). New York, London: HarperCollins.
Avolio, B. J., & Gardner, W. L. (2005, June). Authentic leadership development: Getting to the root of positive forms of leadership. Leadership Quarterly. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.leaqua.2005.03.001.
Avolio, B. J., Walumbwa, F. O., & Weber, T. J. (2009). Leadership: Current Theories, Research, and Future. Annual Review of Psychology, 421–49. doi:10.1146/annurev.psych.60.110707.163621.
Bagozzi, R. P., & Yi, Y. (1988). On the evaluation of structural equation models. Journal of the Academy of Marketing Science, 16(1), 74–94.
Bush, T. (2014). Instructional Leadership in Centralized Contexts: Rhetoric or Reality? Educational Management Administration & Leadership, 42, 3–5. doi:10.1177/1741143213507207.
Brown, G. T. L. (2012). Assessing instructional leadership: a longitudinal study of new principals. Journal of Educational Administration. doi:10.1108/09578231211264676.
Cerne, M., Jaklic, M., & Skerlavaj, M. (2013). Authentic leadership, creativity, and innovation: A multilevel perspective. Leadership, 9, 63–85. doi:10.1177/1742715012455130.
Christensen, P., Baldwin, E., & Ellis, C. (2012). Key strategies of sustainable real estate decision-making in the United States: A Delphi study of the stakeholders. ProQuest Dissertations and Theses. Clemson University. Retrieved from http://search.proquest.com/docview/1287056962?accountid=41453.
Chua, Y. (2009). Statistik Penyelidikan Lanjutan 1: Buku 1. Kuala Lumpur: McGraw-Hill (Malaysia) Sdn.Bhd.
Custer, R. L., Scarcella, J. A., & Stewart, B. R. (1999). The Modified Delphi Technique--A Rotational Modification. Journal of Vocational and Technical Education, 15(2), 50–58. Retrieved from https://eric.ed.gov/?id=EJ590767.
Castillo, F. A., & Hallinger, P. (2017). A systematic review of research on educational leadership and management in Latin America 1991-2017. Educ Manag Adm Leadersh, 3124 (May), 174114321769489. https://doi.org/10.1177/1741143217694895.
Franken, M., Branson, C., & Penney, D. (2016). A theory-to-practice leadership learning arrangement in a university context. International Journal of Leadership in Education, 3124, 1–15. https://doi.org/10.1080/13603124.2016.1247196.
Hallowell, M., & Gambatese, J. (2010). Population and initial validation of a formal model for construction safety risk management. Journal of Construction Engineering and Management, (September), 981–990. https://doi.org/10.1061/(ASCE)CO.1943-7862.0000204.
Hair, J. F., Black, W. C., Babin, B. J., Anderson, R. E., & Tatham, R. L. (2010). Multivariate data analysis (7th ed.). Saddle River, NJ: Upper Pearson Education.
Halal, W. E., Kull, M. D., & Leffmann, A. (1998). The George Washington University forecast of emerging technologies - A continuous assessment of the technology revolution. Technological Forecasting and Social Change, 59(1), 89–110. https://doi.org/10.1016/S0040-1625(97)00163-7.
Hargreaves, A., & Fink, D. (2003). The Seven Principles of Sustainable Leadership by. Educational Leadership, 61(December), 8. Retrieved from http://www.marylandpublicschools.org/NR/rdonlyres/F7D49A8D-E9D0-4C49-9DE6-3A878BC9F1F4/18748/seven_principles.pdf.
Howard, G & Emma, L. (2011). Leading Minds:an anatomy of leadership. New York: Basic Books.
Jo Owen. (2011). How to Lead (3rd ed.). Britain: Pearson Education,Inc.
Kahn, B. (2006). Research in Education. (Boston, Ed.) (10th ed.). Pearson Education, Inc.
Kapsali, M. (2011). Systems thinking in innovation project management: A match that works. International Journal of Project Management, 29, 396–407. doi:10.1016/j.ijproman.2011.01.003.
Laick, S. (2012). Using Delphi methodology in information system research. International Journal of Management Cases, 14(4), 261–269. Retrieved from http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&AuthType=cookie,url,uid&db=bth&AN=89544289.
Linstone, H. A., & Turoff, M. (1975). Introduction The Delphi Method. In The Delphi method: Techniques and applications (pp. 3–12). Reading, MA: Addison-Wesley Publishing Company.
Mohd. Majid Konting. (2005). Kaedah penyelidikan pendidikan. Kuala Lumpur: Dewan Bahasa dan Pustaka.
Näsman, Y. (2017). The theory of caritative leadership applied to education. International Journal of Leadership in Education, 3124, 1–12. https://doi.org/10.1080/13603124.2017.1349183.
Richard L. D. (2015). The Leadership Experience. (Patricia G. Lane, Ed.) (6th ed.). Stamford, CT: Cengage Learning.
Richey, R.C., & Klein, J. D. (2007). Design and Development Research. New York: Routledge.
Robert Loo. (2002). The Delphi method: a powerful tool for strategic management. Policing: An International Journal of Police Strategies & Management, 25(4), 762–769. doi:10.1108/13639510210450677.
Skulmoski, G. J., Hartman, F. T., & Krahn, J. (2007). The Delphi method for graduate research. Journal of Information Technology Education, 6, 1–21. Retrieved from http://citeseerx.ist.psu.edu/viewdoc/download?doi=10.1.1.151.8144&rep=re p1&type=pdf.
Sloane, J., & Drath, W. (2003). How to connect for competitive advantage. Leadership in Action, 23(5), 15–18. Retrieved from http://ezproxy.library.capella.edu/login?url=http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&db=bth&AN=17094567&site=ehost-live&scope=site.
Staub, N & Bravender, M (2014). Principal Candidates Create Decision-Making Simulations to Prepare for the JOB. International Journal of Educational Leadership Preparation, 9(1)15.
Steiger, J. H., Shapiro, A., & Browne, M. W. (1985). On the multivariate asymptotic distribution of sequential Chi-square statistics. Psychometrika, 50, 253–263. doi:10.1007/BF02294104.
Tanaka & Huba. (1985). A fit index for covariance structure models under arbitary GLS estimation. British Journal of Mathematical and Statistical Psychology, 38, 179–201.
Thompson, J. (2012). Transformational leadership can improve workforce competencies. Nursing Management, 18, 21–24. doi:10.7748/nm2012.03.18.10.21.c8958.
Uslu, B., & Arslan, H. (2017). Faculty’s academic intellectual leadership: the intermediary relations with universities’ organizational components. International Journal of Leadership in Education, 3124, 1–13. https://doi.org/10.1080/13603124.2016.1278044.
Yan, B., Maladzhi, W. R., & Makinde, O. D. (2012). Creating innovation culture through visionary leadership in small medium enterprises. In IEEE International Conference on Industrial Engineering and Engineering Management, (pp. 1170–1174).
IEEE Computer Society. https://doi.org/10.1109/IEEM.2012.6837927.
Ylimaki, R., & Jacobson, S. (2013). School Leadership Practice and Preparation: Comparative Perspectives on Organizational Learning (OL), Instructional Leadership (IL) and Culturally Responsive Practices (CRP). Journal of Educational Administration, 51, 6–23. doi:10.1108/09578231311291404.
Zainudin Awang. (2012). Research Methodology and Data Analysis. (S. Dee Sega Enterprise, Subang Jaya, Ed.). Shah Alam: Penerbit UiTM Press.
- There are currently no refbacks.
e-ISSN : 2289-8115 ISSN : 1985-7012