Degradation of Methylene Blue using CuO Prepared using Conventional Solid State Method

N. A. Hamid, T. M. Li

Abstract


The degradation of methylene blue (MB) dye onto copper oxide (CuO) synthesized using solid state method was investigated in a batch adsorption process. Copper Oxide (CuO) was successfully synthesized using solid state synthesis which involves heat treatment with temperatures ranging from 400 oC to 600 oC. The optimum preparation temperature was 600 oC resulting in 8.5% MB removal. XRD analysis shows that the crystal system of CuO is a monoclinic system and therefore all the diffraction peaks has been indexed using the CuO monoclinic phase. The obtained parameters were a = 4.6860 Å, b = 3.4280 Å, c = 5.1330 Å with a volume cell of 81.84 Å3. SEM analysis indicates that a standard particle size for CuO is 37.0μm and that it has irregular surface. The effect of initial dye concentration (100 ppm-600 ppm), contact time (24-48 hours) and solution temperature (30 C) were also evaluated. Highest removal percentage of MB was observed in MB concentration of 600 ppm. A longer contact time of 48 hours was shown to be more effective than 24 hours. The adsorption of MB onto CuO has higher efficiency at larger concentration difference, longer contact time and higher temperature used during synthesizing CuO.


Keywords


solid-state reaction; degradation; CuO

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ISSN : 2180-3811       E-ISSN : 2289-814X

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