Equipment, Security Personnel Tracking and Localisation Using Geo-Location Technique

J. Agajo, J.G. Kolo, L.A. Ajao, K.Y. Olusola, A. Prince

Abstract


Insecurity has been a challenge faced by developed and developing countries with Nigeria being a typical example. This work intends to adddress these problems using remote monitoring technique with geo-location facilities  for real-time monitoring and tracking of security personnels and equipments. This paper presents a system that comprised of both hardware and software resources. The hardware resourses is based on  a controller, a sensing block, a communication unit and power supply. The sensing unit whose major component is the Ublox Neo 6 Global Positioning System (GPS) module, captures the location after locking a minimum of four satellites, it then passes the location data to the controller (Arduino Uno Mini Pro). The controller interprets the data captured and send it as Short Message Service (SMS) through the communication unit (Sim 800L GSM module) to the administrator.  A Graphic User Interface was developed to help the administrator interpret the location data received via  SMS to a visible map.   Tracking details saved into the database system. The result obtained from testing of the device through different location at the Testbed in  Federal University of Technology Minna, Nigeria showed that the system achieved an average accuracy of 70 % in identifying  the location  and the sensitivity of the device in areas where satellite cannot be detected was recorded to be 90 %. The accuracy level depend on to the number of satellites captured in areas under consideration. This numerical value shows that the system is reliable and can be used in tracking.


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ISSN : 2180-3811       E-ISSN : 2289-814X

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