Technical Evaluation of Level of Radiation Exposure from GSM Base Stations to the Public in Nigeria

J.J. Popoola, A.C. Obafemi

Abstract


The objective of this paper is to evaluate the hazardous effect of electromagnetic radiation generated by Global System for Communications (GSM) base stations on human health and environment. In carrying out the study, field measurements of electric field emitted from 120 base stations of the four GSM providers in 6 cities in South West Geopolitical zone in Nigeria were carried out using Tri-Axis field strength meter. From the data obtained, the Specific Absorption Rate (SAR) was calculated for 6 body tissues. The calculated SAR values were further analysed statistically. The results of the study show that the maximum average calculated SAR value is about 3% of the set value by the International Commission on Non-Ionizing Radiation Protection recommended guidelines. It was therefore concluded that there was no technical evidence that electromagnetic radiation generated from GSM base stations in the geo-political zone and the whole country at large has potential to cause any adverse effects on human health and environment.

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ISSN : 2180-3811       E-ISSN : 2289-814X

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